The following is a selection of serendipity publications drawn from a range of fields and disciplines. This page is a continuing work-in-progress. If you have any suggested additions to this list or want to report a broken link, please contact us.

Agarwal, N.K. (2015). Towards a definition of serendipity in information behaviour. Information Research, 20(3), paper 675. Retrieved from

Åkerström, M. (2013). Curiosity and serendipity in qualitative research. Qualitative Sociology Review, 9(2): 10-18 [Special Issue: Curiosity and Serendipity in Qualitative Research]. Retrieved from

Allen, C. M., Erdelez, S. & Marinov, M. (2013). Looking for opportunistic discovery of information in recent biomedical research: A content analysis. Proceedings of the American Society of Information Science and Technology, 50(1), 1–11.

André, P. & schrafel, m.c. (2009). Computing and chance: Designing for(un)serendipity. The Biochemist E-Volution, 31(6), 19-22.

André P., Teevan J., & Dumais S.T. (2009). From x-rays to silly putty via Uranus: Serendipity and its role in web search. In Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI ’09) (pp. 2033-2036).

Andriani, P. (2017). Exaptation, serendipity and aging. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, 163, 30-35.

Andriani, P. & Cattani, G. (2016). Exaptation as Source of Creativity, Innovation, and Diversity: Introduction to the Special Section. Industrial and Corporate Change25(1), 115-131.

Andriani, P., Ali, A., & Mastrogiorgio, M. (2017). Measuring Exaptation and Its Impact on Innovation, Search, and Problem Solving. Organization Science, 28(2), 320-338.

Austin, J. H. (2003). Chase, chance, and creativity: The lucky art of novelty. Cambridge: The MIT Press.

Avraham T., Plesser R., & Nachmias R. (2016). Potentially-serendipitous gain for MOOC participants: A pilot study. In Proceedings of the 3rd Learning With MOOCs Conference (LWMOOCs2016) (in print)

Ban, T.A. (2006). The role of serendipity in drug discovery. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 8(3): 335-344. Retrieved from

Bandura, A. (1982). The psychology of chance encounters and life paths. American Psychologist, 37(7): 747-755. Retrieved from

Bardone, E. (2011). Seeking Chances: From Biased Rationality to Distributed Cognition. Springer.

Bardone, E. (2012). Not by Luck Alone: The Importance of Chance-Seeking and Silent Knowledge in Abductive Cognition. In, Philosophy and Cognitive Science, editors L. Magnani and P.Li, SAPERE 2, pages 185-203. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Bardone, E. (2016). Intervening via chance-seeking. pp. 203-220. In: Secchi, Davide & Neumann, Martin (eds.). Agent-Based Simulation of Organizational Behavior. New Frontiers of Social Science Research. Springer.

Bardone, E. (2017). Learners as chance-seekers. pp. 213-236. In: Allert, Heidrun et al. (eds.]. Digitalität und Selbst: Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven auf Subjektivierungs- und Bildungsprozesse. Transcript Verlag.

Barber, B., & Fox, R. C. (1958). The case of the floppy-eared rabbits: An instance of serendipity gained and serendipity lost. The American Journal of Sociology, 64(2), 128-136.

Baumeister, A. A., Hawkins, M. F., & López-Muñoz, F. (2010). Toward standardized usage of the word serendipity in the historiography of psychopharmacology. Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 19, 253–70.

Bawden, D. (1986). Information systems and the stimulation of creativity. Journal of Information Science, 12(5): 203-216.  doi: 10.1177/016555158601200501

Bawden, D. (2011). Encountering on the road to Serendip? Browsing in new information environments. pp. 1-22. In: Foster, A., & Rafferty, P. (eds.). Innovations in Information Retrieval: Perspectives for Theory and Practice. London: Facet Publishing. Retrieved from

Beale, R. (2007). Supporting serendipity: Using ambient intelligence to augment user exploration for data mining and web browsing. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 65(5): 421-433. Retrieved from

Bedessem, B. & Ruphy, S. (2016). Serendipity: An argument for scientific freedom? PSA2016: The 25th Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association. 

Beitman, B.D. (2011). Coincidence Studies. Psychiatric Annals. 41(2): 561-571.

Benjamin, W., Chandrasegaran, S., Ramanujan, D., Elmqvist, N., Vishwanathan, S.V.N. & Ramani, K. (2014). Juxtapoze: Supporting serendipity and creative expression in clipart compositions. pp. 341-350. Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2014, April 26 – May 1, 2014, Toronto, Canada.

Bernier, C.L. (1960). Correlative indexes VI: Serendipity, suggestiveness, and display. American Documentation, 11(4): 277-287. doi: 10.1002/asi.5090110402

Betsworth, D. G., & Hansen, J.-I. C. (1996). The categorization of serendipitous career development events. Journal of Career Assessment, 4(1):91-98.

Björneborn, L. (2017). Three key affordances for serendipity: Toward a framework connecting environmental and personal factors in serendipitous encounters. Journal of Documentation, 73(5), 1053-1081. Preprint here.

Björneborn, L. (2008). Serendipity dimensions and users’ information behaviour in the physical library interface. Information Research, 13(4), paper 370. Retrieved from

Bogers, T., & Björneborn, L. (2013). Micro-serendipity: Meaningful coincidences in everyday life shared on Twitter. iConference 2013 Proceedings (pp. 196–208). Retrieved from

Bourcier, D. & van Andel, P. (2017). C’est quoi la serendipité? Le Courrier du Livre.

Bright, J. E. H., Pryor, R. G. L., Chan, E. & Rijanto, J. (2009). Chance events in career development: Influence, control and multiplicity. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 75(1), 14–25.

Bright, J. E. H., Pryor, R. G. L., & Harpham, L. (2005). The role of chance events in career decision making. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 66(3), 561-576.

Buchanan, S. (2018). Representation and student research topics: The Archives of Classical Scholarship (ArCla). Paper presented at the 149th Annual Meeting of the Society for Classical Studies, Boston, MA. Retrieved from

Buchem, I. (2011). Serendipitous learning: Recognizing and fostering the potential of microblogging. Formare Open Journal, no. 74, February/March 2011. Retrieved from   

Burkell, J., Quan-Haase, A. & Rubin, V.L. (2012). Promoting serendipity online: Recommendations for tool design. pp. 525-526. Proceedings of the 2012 iConference, Toronto. New York : ACM. Retrieved from

Burrows, T. and Verhoeven, D. (forthcoming). Serendipity in the digital humanities (under contract with Palgrave)

Busch, C. (2020) The Serendipity Mindset. The Art and Science of Creating Good Luck. Riverhead Books.

Busch, C. (2018). How to make the most of serendipity at work. Geneva: World Economic Forum. Retrieved from

Busch, C., & Barkema, H.G. (2020) Planned Luck: How Incubators can facilitate serendipity for nascent entrepreneurs through fostering network embeddedness. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 00(0): 1-26.

Busch, C., & Barkema, H.G. (2018). Ecosystem emergence and transformational network leadership: Curating serendipity in high-uncertainty environments. Academy of Management Proceedings. Retrieved from

Campanario, J. (1996). Using Citation Classics to study the incidence of serendipity in scientific discovery. Scientometrics, 37(1), 3-24.

Campos, J. A., & Figueiredo, A. D. (2002). Programming for serendipity. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 2002 AAAI Fall Symposium. Retrieved from

Campos, J. A., & Figueiredo, A. D. (2008). Method and system for supporting symbolic serendipity. U.S. Patent No. 7,319,998. Retrieved from

Cannon, W.B. (1940) The role of chance in discovery. The Scientific Monthly 50(3): 204–9.

Carr, P.L. (2015). Serendipity in the stacks: Libraries, information architecture, and the problems of accidental discovery. College & Research Libraries, 76(6): 831-842.

Catellin, S. (2014). Sérendipité. Du conte au concept [Serendipity. From the fairy tale to the concept], Paris, Editions du Seuil, “Science ouverte”, 270 p.

Catellin, S. (2012). Sérendipité et réflexivité [Serendipity and reflexivity]. Alliage (Culture, Science, Technique), 70,  74-84.

Catellin, S. & Loty, L. (2013). Sérendipité et indisciplinarité [Serendipity and indisciplinarity]. Hermès, n°67, Paris, CNRS Éditions, 32-40.

Chan, S. (2007). Tagging and searching: Serendipity and museum collection databases. Proceedings of Museums and the Web 2007. San Francisco, CA: Archives and Museum Informatics. Retrieved from

Coleman, S.L. & Beitman, B.D. (2009). Characterizing High-frequency Coincidence Detectors. Psychiatric Annals. 39(5)

Coleman, S.L., Beitman, B.D. & Celebi E. (2009). Weird Coincidences Commonly OccurPsychiatric Annals. 39(5)

Copeland, S. (2018). “Fleming Leapt on the Unusual like a Weasel on a Vole”: Challenging the Paradigms of Discovery in Science. Perspectives on Science. 26(6)

Copeland, S. (2017). On Serendipity in Science: Discovery at the Intersection of Chance and Wisdom. Synthese, online first

Copeland, S. (2015). The Case of the Triggered Memory: Serendipitous Discovery and the Ethics of Clinical ResearchPhD Thesis: Dalhousie University, Department of Philosophy. Retrieved from

Corneli, J., Jordanous, A., Guckelsberger, C., Pease, A. & Colton, S. (v1 2014; v8 revised 2020). Modelling serendipity in a computational context.

Cross, W.E., and Reinhardt, J.S. (2017). Whiteness and Serendipity. The Counselling Psychologist 45(5): 697-705. DOI: 10.1177/0011000017719551

Cunha, M. P. e. (2005). Serendipity: Why some organizations are luckier than others. FEUNL Working Paper No. 472. Retrieved from

Cunha, M. P. e., Clegg, S. R., & Mendonça, S. (2010). On Serendipity and Organizing. European Management Journal 28: 319–30. doi:10.1016/j.emj.2010.07.001.

Dantonio, L., Makri, S. & Blandford, A. (2012). Coming across academic social media content serendipitously. Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 49(1), pp. 1-10.

Danzico, L. (2010). The design of serendipity is not by chance. Interactions, 17(5): 16-18. Retrieved from

Darbellay, F., Moody, Z., Sedooka, A., & Steffen, G. (2014). Interdisciplinary Research Boosted by Serendipity. Creativity Research Journal, 26(1): 1–10. doi:10.1080/10400419.2014.873653.

de Bruijn, O. & Spence, R. (2008). A new framework for theory-based interaction design applied to serendipitous information retrieval. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, 15(1): article no. 5. Retrieved from

de Rond, M. (2014). The structure of serendipity. Culture and Organization [special issue on serendipity], 20(5): 342-358.

de Rond, M., & Morley, I. (eds.) (2010). Serendipity: Fortune and the prepared mind. Cambridge University Press.

Deuschel, T., Heuss, T., Humm, B. & Frölich, T. (2014). Finding without searching – A serendipity-based approach for digital cultural heritage. Proceedings of the International Conference on Digital Intelligence (DI 2014), Nantes, France. 

Dew, N. (2009). Serendipity in entrepreneurship. Organization Studies, 30(7): 735-753. Retrieved from

Díaz de Chumaceiro, C.L.D. (1997). Serendipity citations in the biomedical sciences. Creativity Research Journal, 10(1):91-93.

Díaz de Chumaceiro, C.L.D. (1999). Sortes Walpolianae: Discoveries “Almost” Like Serendipity. Creativity Research Journal, 12(4), 339-341. doi 10.1207/s15326934crj1204_12

Duff, W.M. & Johnson, C.A. (2002). Accidentally found on purpose: Information-seeking behavior of historians in archives. Library Quarterly, 72(4): 472-496.

Eco, U. (1998). Serendipities: Language & lunacy. New York: Columbia University Press.

Erdelez, S. (1996). Information encountering on the Internet. In M. Williams (Ed.), Proceedings of the 17th National Online Meeting (pp. 101-107). Medford, NJ: Information Today.

Erdelez, S. (1997). Information Encountering: A conceptual framework for accidental information discovery. In P. Vakkari, R. Savolainen, & B. Dervin (Eds.), Information Seeking in Context. Proceedings of an International Conference on Research in Information Needs, Seeking and Use in Different Contexts (pp. 412-421). London: Taylor Graham.

Erdelez, S. (1999). Information encountering: It’s more than just bumping into information. Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science, 25(3):25-29.

Erdelez, S. (2000). Towards understanding information encountering on the Web. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science, 47, 363-371.

Erdelez, S. (2004). Investigation of an opportunistic acquisition of information in the controlled research environment. Information Processing & Management 40, 1013-1025.

Erdelez, S. (2005). Information encountering. In K. E. Fisher, S. Erdelez & L. McKechnie (Eds.), Theories of information behavior (pp. 179-185). Medford, NJ: Information Today.

Erdelez S., & Makri, S. (2020). Information encountering re-encountered: A conceptual re-examination of serendipity in the context of information acquisition. Journal of Documentation, 73 (6).

Erdelez, S., & Rioux, K. (2000). Sharing information encountered for others on the Web. The New Review of Information Behavior Research, 1, 219-233.

Erdelez, S., Basic, J. & Levitov, D.D. (2011). Potential for Inclusion of Information Encountering within Information Literacy Models. Information Research. 16(3): 489.

Fine, G. A., & Deegan, J. G. (1996). Three principles of Serendip: Insight, chance, and discovery in qualitative research. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 9(4), 434-447.

Foster, A. & Ellis, D. (2014). Serendipity and its study. Journal of Documentation, 70(6): 1015-1038. doi: 10.1108/JD-03-2014-0053

Foster, A., & Ford, N. (2003). Serendipity and information seeking: An empirical study. Journal of Documentation, 59(3), 321-340.

Frydenberg, S., Eikenes, J.O. & Nordby, K. (2019) Serendipity in the Field. Facilitating serendipity in design-driven field studies on ship bridges. The Design Journal, 22:sup1, 1899-1912, DOI: 10.1080/14606925.2019.1594948

Gabriel, Y., Muhr, S.L. & Linstead, S. (2014). Luck of the draw? Serendipity, accident, chance and misfortune in organization and design. Culture and Organization [special issue on serendipity], 20(5): 334-341. doi: 10.1080/14759551.2014.967452

Garfield, E. (2004). Systematic serendipity: Finding the undiscovered answers to science questions. Presentation at the Medical Ignorance Collaboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson. Retrieved from

Garud, R., Gehman, J., and Giuliani, A.P. (2018). Serendipity arrangements for exapting science-based innovations. Academy of Management Perspectives, 32(1): 125-140.

Garud, R., Gehman, J. Giuliani, A. 2016. Technological Exaptation: A Narrative Approach. Industrial and Corporate Change, 25(1), 149-166.

Garud, R. Nayyar. P., and Shapira, Z. 1997. “Beating the odds: Towards a theory of technological innovation” in Garud, R. Nayyar, P. and Shapira, Z. (eds.) Technological innovation: oversights and foresights, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp: 20-40.

Ge, M., Battenfeld, C.D. & Jannach, D. (2010). Beyond accuracy: Evaluating recommender systems by coverage and serendipity. pp. 257-260. Proceedings of the fourth ACM conference on Recommender systems, 2010. Retrieved from

Gest, H. (1997). Serendipity in scientific discovery: A closer look. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 41(1), 21–28.

Gillies, D. (2015). Serendipity and Chance in Scientific Discovery: Policy Implications for Global Society. In D. Archibugi & A. Filipetti (eds.), The Handbook of Global Science, Technology, and Innovation, pp. 525-539. Wiley Blackwell.

Grinnell, F. Abduction in the Everyday Practice of Science: The Logic of Unintended Experiments. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society, Vol. 55, No. 3 (Summer 2019), pp. 215-227.

Hagel, J., Brown, J.S., & Davison, L. (2010) The Power of Pull: How Small Moves Smartly Made Can Set Big Things in Motion. New York: Basic Books.

Hagel, J., Brown, J.S., & Davison, L. (2010). Shaping serendipity: Volume 2. Deloitte. Retrieved from

Hehl, W. (2021). Der Zufall in Physik, Informatik und Philosophie: Zufall als Fundament der Welt, Springer.

Heinström, J. (2006). Psychological factors behind incidental information acquisition. Library & Information Science Research, 28(4), 579-594.

Hopkins, M. (2018). A Study of Physicians’ Serendipitous Knowledge Discovery: An Evaluation of Spark and the IF-SKD Model in a Clinical Setting. Dissertation: University of North Texas.

Hopkins, M. & Zavalina, O.L. (2019). Evaluating physicians’ serendipitous knowledge discovery in online discovery systems: A new approach. Aslib Journal of Information Management, 71(6): 755-772.

Hotson, L. (1942). Literary serendipity. ELH – A Journal of English Literary History, 9(2): 79-94. Retrieved from

Iaquinta, L., Marco de Gemmis, M., Lops, P., Semeraro, G. & Molino, P. (2011). Motivating serendipitous encounters in museum recommendations. pp 159-167. In: V. Pallotta et al. (eds.). Advances in Distributed Agent-Based Retrieval Tools. Springer. Retrieved from

Jeffrey, P. & McGrath, A. (2000). Sharing serendipity in the workplace. pp. 173-179. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Collaborative Virtual Environments, San Francisco. New York: ACM. Retrieved from

Kaag, J. (2008). Chance and creativity: The nature of contingency in classical American philosophy. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society, 44(3): 393-411. Retrieved from

Kakko, I. & Inkinen, S. (2009). Homo creativus: creativity and serendipity management in third generation science and technology parks. Sci Public Policy, 36(7): 537-548.

Kakko, I. (2014). Oasis Way and the Post-Normal Era–How Understanding Serendipity Will Lead You to Success. St. Petersburg: BHV. [Online here]

Kantorovich, A. K. (1993). Scientific discovery: Logic and tinkering. New York: SUNY Press.

Kantorovich, A. & Ne’eman, Y. (1989). Serendipity as a source of evolutionary progress in science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 20(4): 505-529.

Kennedy, P. (2016). Inventology: How we dream up things that change the world. Eamon Dolan/Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 

Khalili, A., van Andel, P., van den Besselaar, P. & de Graaf, K.A. (2017). Fostering serendipitous knowledge discovery using an adaptive multigraph-based faceted browser. K-CAP 2017 Proceeding of the Knowledge Capture Conference, Article No.15.

Kim, H.M., Ghiasi, B., Spear, M., Laskowski, M. & Li, J. (2017). Online serendipity: The case for curated recommender systems. Business Horizons, 60(5): 613-620. Retrieved from

LeClerc, A. (2010). Seeking serendipity: The inspiration hunt of a creative professional. Faculty of Information Quarterly, 2(3), 1-8.

Leong, T.W. (2009). Understanding serendipitous experiences when interacting with personal digital content. PhD thesis. Department of Information Systems, University of Melbourne. Retrieved from

Leong, T.W., Harper, R. & Regan, T. (2011). Nudging towards serendipity: A case with personal digital photos. pp. 385-394. Proceedings of the 25th BCS Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, BCS-HCI ‘11. Retrieved from

Leong, T.W., Vetere, F. & Howard, S. (2005). The Serendipity Shuffle. Proceedings of the 19th CHISIG of Australia on Computer-Human Interaction, OZCHI ’05 Canberra, Australia. Retrieved from

Lenox, R. S. (1985). Educating for the serendipitous discovery. Journal of Chemical Education, 62(4), 282.

Liestman, D. (1992). Chance in the midst of design: Approaches to librarian research serendipity. Research Quarterly, 31(4), 524-532.

Lindsay, G.(2013, April 5). Engineering serendipity. New York Times. Retrieved from

Lindsay, G. (2015, July 9). How to engineer serendipity. Time. Retrieved from

López, G. (2009). Serendipity – ¿Por Qué Algunos Tienen Éxito Y Otros No? Alienta editorial.

Luczak-Rösch, M., Tinati, R., Simperl, E., Kleek, M. V., Shadbolt, N., and Simpson, R. Why won’t aliens talk to us? content and community dynamics in online citizen science. In Eighth International AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media (2014). Available at:

Lutz, C., Hoffmann, C.P. & Meckel, M. (2017). Online serendipity: A contextual differentiation of antecedents and outcomes. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 68(7): 1698-1710. DOI: 10.1002/asi.23771

Maddox, A. (September 14, 2015). Serendipity: Social Mobility Across Social Networks and Networked Digital Technologies. Avail. at SSRN:

Magnani, L., Arfini, S., & Bertolotti, T. (2016). An argument for ignorance-based chance discovery. International Journal of Advanced Intelligence Paradigms, 8(3), 327-342.

Makri, S., & Blandford, A. (2012). Coming across information serendipitously: Part 1 (A process model). Journal of Documentation, 68(5), 684-705.

Makri, S. & Blandford, A. (2012). Coming across information serendipitously: Part 2 (A classification framework). Journal of Documentation, 68(5), 706-724.

Makri, S., Blandford, A., Woods, M., Sharples, S., & Maxwell, D. (2014). “Making my own luck”: Serendipity strategies and how to support them in digital information environments. Journal of the Association for Information Science & Technology, 65(11), 2179-2194.

Maloney, A. & Conrad, L.Y. (2016). Expecting the unexpected: Serendipity, discovery, and the scholarly research process. A SAGE White Paper. Thousand Oaks, CA.: SAGE Publishing.

Malmelin, N. & Virta, S. (2017). Seizing the serendipitous moments: Coincidental creative processes in media work. Journalism, OnlineFirst May 18, 2017. Retrieved from  

Martin, K., Greenspan, B. & Quan-Haase, A. (2017). STAK – Serendipitous tool for augmenting knowledge: A conceptual tool for bridging digital and physical resources. Digital Studies, 7(1). URL:

Martin, K., & Quan-Haase, A. (2017). “A Process of Controlled Serendipity”: An Exploratory Study of Historians’ and Digital Historians’ Experiences of Serendipity in Digital Environments. In 80th Annual Meeting of the Association for Information Science & Technology (pp. 289–297). Washington, D.C.: ACM Press. Retrieved from

Martin, K., & Quan-Haase, A. (2016). The role of agency in historians’ experiences of serendipity in physical and digital information environments. Journal of Documentation, 72(6), 1008–1026.

Martin, K., & Quan-Haase, A. (2013). Are e-books substituting print books? Tradition, serendipity, and opportunity in the adoption and use of e-books for historical research and teaching Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 64(5), 1016-1028.

Maxwell, D., Woods, M., Makri, S., Bental, D., Kefalidou, G., & Sharples, S. (2012). Designing a semantic sketchbook to create opportunities for serendipity. In Proceedings of the 26th Annual BCS Interaction Specialist Group Conference on People and Computers, 357–362. Retrieved from

McBirnie, A. (2008). Seeking serendipity: The paradox of control. ASLIB Proceedings, 60(6), 600-618.

McBirnie, A. (2012). A Descriptive Profile of Process in Serendipity: A Narrative and Network Study of Information Behaviour in Context. PhD Thesis: Aberystwyth University, Department of Information Studies. Retrieved from

McBirnie, A., & Urquhart, C. (2011). Motifs: dominant interaction patterns in event structures of serendipity. Information Research, 16(3). Retrieved from

McCay-Peet, L. (2013). Investigating Work-Related Serendipity, What Influences It, and How It May Be Facilitated in Digital Environments. PhD dissertation. Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada. Retrieved from

McCay-Peet, L. & Toms, E.G. (2015). Investigating serendipity: How it unfolds and what may influence it. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 66(7), 1463-1476.

McCay-Peet, L. & Toms, E.G. (2017). Researching Serendipity in Digital Information Environments. Morgan & Claypool Publishers.

McCay-Peet, L., Toms, E.G. & Kelloway, E.K. (2015). Examination of relationships among serendipity, the environment, and individual differences. Information Processing and Management, 51(4), 391-412.

McCay-Peet, L. & Wells, P.G. (2017). Serendipity in the sciences: Exploring the boundaries. Proceedings of the Nova Scotian Institute of Science (PNSIS), 49(1), 97-116.

Merton, R. K. (1948). The bearing of empirical research upon the development of social theory. American Sociological Review, 13 (5): 505–15.

Merton, R. K., & Barber, E. (2004). The travels and adventures of serendipity: A study in sociological semantics and the sociology of science. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Michener, W. K., Bildstein, K. L., McKee, A., Parmenter, R. R., Hargrove, W. W.,  McClearn, D., & Stromberg, M. (2009). Biological field stations: Research legacies and sites for serendipity. BioScience, 59 (4): 300–310. doi:10.1525/bio.2009.59.4.8.

Miwa, M., Egusa, Y., Saito, H., Takaku, M., Terai, H. & Kando, N. (2011). A method to capture information encountering embedded in exploratory Web searches. Information Research, 16(3) paper 487. Retrieved from

Moghnieh, A., Arroyo, E. & Blat, J. (2008). The News Wall: Serendipitous discoveries in dynamic information spaces. Proceedings of IUI’08.

Murakami, T, Mori, K. & Orihara, R. (2008). Metrics for evaluating the serendipity of recommendation lists. New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence, vol. 4914, pp. 40-46. Retrieved from

Murayama, K., Nirei, M., & Shimizu, H. (2015). Management of science, serendipity, and research performance: Evidence from a survey of scientists in Japan and the U.S. Research Policy 44, 862–73.

Napier, N.K. & Vuong, Q.H. (2013). Serendipity as a strategic advantage? pp. 175-199. In: T.J. Wilkinson & V.R. Kannan (eds.). Strategic Management in the 21st Century. ABC-CLIO, LLC, Santa Barbara, CA.

Napolitano, C. M. (2013). More than just a simple twist of fate: Serendipitous relations in developmental science. Human Development, 56 (5): 291–318. doi:10.1159/000355022.

Niu, X., & Abbas, F. (2017). A framework for computational serendipity. In Proceedings of the 25th Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation, and Personalization (UMAP 2017). Bratislava, Slovakia. July 9-12.

Niu, X., Abbas, F., Maher, M. & Grace, K. (2018). Surprise Me If You Can: Serendipity in Health Information. Accepted to the Proceedings of the ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (ACM CHI 2018). Montreal, Canada, April 21-26, 2018.

Nutefall, J. E., & Ryder, P. M. (2010). The serendipitous research process. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 36(3), 228-234.

Olma, S. (2016). In Defence of Serendipity: For a Radical Politics of Innovation. London: Repeater Books.

Palagi, E. (2018). Evaluating exploratory search engines: designing a set of user-centered methods based on a modeling of the exploratory search processPhD Thesis – Human-Computer Interaction, Université Côte d’Azur.

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